Roland Garros was born in France in 1882. An experienced pilot, Garros was the first Frenchman to cross the Mediterranean by air. On the outbreak of the First World War, Garros was sent to serve on the Western Front.
Garros realised that he would have more success in dogfights if he could find a way of firing a machine-gun through the propeller. Working with Raymond Saulnier, a French aircraft manufacturer, Garros, added deflector plates to the blades of the propeller of his Morane-Saulnier. These small wedges of toughened steel diverted the passage of those bullets which struck the blades.
Now able to use a forward-firing machine-gun, went out searching for his first victim. On 1st April 1915, Garros approached an German Albatros B II reconnaissance aircraft. The German pilot was surprised when Garros approached him head-on. The accepted air fighting strategy at the time was to take 'pot-shots' with a revolver or rifle. Instead Garros shot down the Albatros through his whirling propeller.
In the next two weeks Garros shot down four more enemy aircraft. However, the success was short-lived because on 18th April, a rifleman defending Courtrai railway station, managed to fracture the petrol pipe of the aircraft that Garros was flying. Garros was forced to land behind the German front-line and before he could set-fire to his machine it was captured by the Germans. After finding out about Garros' invention, German pilots began using these deflector plates on the blades of their propellers.
In 1918 Garros escaped from Germany and returned to active service on the Western Front. Roland Garros was shot down and killed at Vouziers on 5th October 1918.
avion na kome je leteo Morane-Saulnier NPerformance Data of the Morane-Saulnier N Type fighter Engine
80 hp Le Rhone Wing Span
26 ft 8 in (8.15 m) Length
19 ft 1 in (5.83 m) Height
7 ft 4 in (2.2 m) Maximum Speed
90 mph (144 kph) Maximum Height
13,123 ft (4,000 m) Endurance
1 hour 30 minutes Armament
a ovo mu je bio suparnik na zapadnom frontu sa nemacke strane:Albatros D-Va Performance Data of the Albatros D-Va Type fighter Engine
180 hp Mercedes Wing Span
29 ft 8 in (9.05 m) Length
24 ft 0 in (7.33 m) Height
8 ft 10 in (2.70 m) Maximum Speed
116 mph (187 kph) Maximum Height
18,700 ft (5,700 m) Endurance
2 hours Armament